There are believed to be 35.8 million people are enslaved worldwide. Types of slavery include child trafficking, forced labour/debt bondage, forced labour, sexual exploitation, criminal exploitation and domestic servitude. Forced labour in the private economy generates US $150 billion in illegal profits per year.
There is no typical victim of slavery. Victims are men, women and children of all ages, ethnicities and nationalities and cut across the population. However, it’s normally more prevalent among the most vulnerable or within minority or socially excluded groups. Approximately 53% of victims in the UK are women, and 46% are men. Child victims are victims of child abuse and should therefore be treated as such using existing child protection procedures and statutory protocols.
Poverty, limited opportunities at home, lack of education, unstable social and political conditions, economic imbalances and war are some of the key drivers that contribute to someone’s vulnerability in becoming a victim of modern slavery. What’s more, victims can often face more than one type of abuse and slavery, for example, being sold on to another trafficker and then forced into another form of exploitation.
Potential victims have been reported from 103 different countries of origin in 2015. The top six most common countries of origin for potential victims of trafficking recorded in 2015 were Albania, Vietnam, Nigeria, Romania, the UK and Poland, with potential victims originating from Albania representing 18% of all referrals to the National Referral Mechanism last year. From 2014, the UK has seen a 40% increase in the number of potential victims of trafficking referred.
The Modern Slavery Act
The Modern Slavery Act requires organisations with a turnover exceeding £36m, and which supply goods and services in the UK, to publish an annual statement explaining what they are doing to eliminate slavery from their businesses and supply chains.
The Modern Slavery Act came into Force in 2015. This insight gives an overview of the Act; focusing on the impact on Supply Chains and the role of Procurement and actions required to support the organisation.
Modern Slavery Statements
Research Findings/News Insights